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100 Dow Points Aren't What They Used to Be

Financial advisor reviewing Dow chart with man and woman clients

This past January, the Dow Jones Industrial Average (Dow) crossed 20,000 for the first time. The market’s increase over time has raised the level of the Dow, and as a result, 100-point shifts have become more common. When stocks decline, even normal market volatility can seem uncomfortable, so it’s important to put 100 points into perspective.

Let’s crunch the numbers

In the 1970s and ’80s, a day when the Dow dropped 100 points was a big loss, as the table below shows. But more recently, daily Dow moves have frequently been 100 points or more. Of course, daily fluctuations sometimes pile up, and there’s always the possibility of a market pullback. But you’ll undoubtedly see more headlines when the Dow drops 100 points than when it rises 100 points.

Converting points into percentages

Average Dow Price % Decline for 100-point Drop
1970s 861 -11.6%
1980s 1,504 -6.6%
1990s 5,298 -1.9%
2000s 10,472 -1.0%
Today* 20,000 -0.5%
*Assumes Dow at 20,000. Source: Bloomberg data, Edward Jones calculations.

Historically, the stock market drops by 10% about once a year and pulls back by 5% about three times a year.1 With the Dow at 20,000:

  • A 5% decline would be a drop of 1,000 points.
  • A 10% decline would be a drop of 2,000 points.

How not to react

When you’re a long-term investor, your actions during a stock market decline may mean the difference between success and failure. If you’re prepared and not surprised, you’re less likely to react in an emotional way.

Remember that selling is not your only option to limit losses. Review your portfolio with your financial advisor and rebalance to the appropriate mix of stocks and bonds, if necessary. You also can consider adding stocks at lower prices to take advantage of such market moves.

Important Information:

1Source: Ned Davis Research. Past performance is not a guarantee of future results. An index is not managed and is not available for direct investment.

Investing in equities involves risks. The value of your shares will fluctuate, and you may lose principal.

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